Internet of Things: America, China, and Germany
From a holistic comparison of the German approach (Industrie 4.0) and American approach (Industrial Internet Consortium) to the Internet of Things (IoT).: how does China fit into this?
China has two projects on the table in support of internet applications and both resemble much more the German approach than the American one. One is called Internet Plus (IP). It focuses on upgrading traditional industries with modern technology, searching for new technologies to spur economic growth, and spreading internet applications within the public sector. IP strives to meld on a large scale the modern internet (cloud, mobile, and big data) with manufacturing and electronic retail trade. Few details are available yet, although an action plan is supposed to be forthcoming.
The other initiative is called Made in China 2025 and it aims to upgrade the country’s manufacturing base using best practices writ large. The object is to have industrial companies move up the value chain. If IP is more about services, high-tech, and distribution, Made in China 2015 is strictly about manufacturing. The manufacturing state-of-the-art in China is relatively uneven compared with, say, Germany or the United States. Made in China 2025 strives for improvements in very low-tech, low-tech, mid-tech, and high-tech.