Risk aversion, high unemployment, growth slowdowns, recessions, and geopolitical crises in key global economies are just a few of the factors holding back global growth. Overall, tighter financial conditions are leading to stock market corrections and a loss of confidence.
Global Economy, Competitiveness, Operations, Manufacturing, Manufacturing Footprint, Reshoring/Nearshoring
A new study produced by MAPI and Deloitte draws on a survey of global manufacturers to offer insights into which new markets manufacturers plan to enter in the next five years. As might be expected, the United States and China should see the greatest number of investments in existing operations by 2020. Various countries in Asia and South America should see increases in new project investments.
Global Economy, Competitiveness, Government Policy, Economic Environment, Recession
Brazil’s economy and manufacturing are in a technical recession, inflation is higher than desirable, and public finances are deteriorating. The country’s short-term outlook appears depressing, as the ongoing macroeconomic imbalances will have to be addressed by orthodox policies, which will in turn bring muted growth and rising unemployment.
Global Economy, Economic Environment, Recession, Money & Finance, Government Finance
Facing insolvency, the Argentine government defaulted on its roughly $130 billion of foreign debt in late 2001 following a four-year economic recession. Once the economy recovered, Argentina offered holders of defaulted bonds new debt instruments via sovereign restructurings in 2005 and 2010. In order to reach elevated acceptance levels, the new bonds were governed mostly under foreign law (some in Europe and some in New York) and included a “rights upon future offers” clause—giving bondholders the possibility to participate in any eventual voluntary restructuring offering better terms. As a result, 93% of the holders of defaulted debt accepted the restructurings. The remaining 7% (the “holdouts”) have been seeking payment in full via legal venues, with some turning to the U.S. courts.
Global Economy, Competitiveness, Government Policy, Economic Environment, Energy
Over the next few years, five structural developments will dominate the scene in Latin America and will have definite impacts on U.S. manufacturing companies doing business there. Three relate to large energy projects that will both demand manufactured goods and lower manufacturing costs, stimulating production and economic growth. In Brazil, the 2014 World Cup and 2016 Olympics are triggering opportunities across manufacturing sectors. Finally, Mexico’s politicians are attempting to tackle the lack of competitiveness of their economy, an effort with benefits for the nation’s export-oriented industrial sector.
Global Economy, Economic Environment, Labor, Money & Finance, GDP
For years, protectionist policies helped Brazil build a fortress around its manufacturing base, which profited from a rapidly expanding domestic market over the past decade. Ever-rising purchasing power and the best credit conditions in decades fueled the demand for durable goods and housing, in turn stimulating most intermediate industries. A sort of virtuous cycle led to a broad-based manufacturing expansion that was interrupted in the wake of the 2008 global economic crisis. It took Brazilian factories more than a year to recover pre-crisis output levels, and manufacturing subsequently stopped growing. Three years have passed without genuine manufacturing growth in Brazil, despite the government’s protectionist stance that is ingrained in every sector of the economy.
Global Economy, Competitiveness, Government Policy, Economic Environment, Labor
Mexico’s prospects for reforms that would eventually unleash the country’s economic growth potential are on the rise since Enrique Peña Nieto was elected president in July 2012. Since the election and taking office on December 1, 2012, the president has focused his energy on a host of proposals, including ambitious reforms that would shake up an economy that has shown disappointing results on the growth front for two decades.
Global Economy, Competitiveness, Government Policy
On July 1, 2012, Mexicans will elect a new president after two consecutive six-year terms under the ruling of the National Action Party (PAN), first with Vicente Fox and now Felipe Calderón. The latest polls show the candidate for the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), Enrique Peña Nieto, leading by more than 10 points, followed by Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO) from the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) and Josefina Vázquez Mota from the PAN. Before the PAN took power in 2000, the PRI ruled Mexico for 71 straight years.